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J Immunol Methods. 1997 Nov 10;209(1):17-24.

Dual silver staining to characterise Helicobacter spp. outer membrane components.

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Department of Surgery, Christchurch School of Medicine, New Zealand.


Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial pathogen, estimated to infect half the world's population. The bacterium is the aetiological cause of gastritis, the common precursor for peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer. Immunisation of at-risk individuals is the most cost-effective means of dealing with such a widespread pathogen. Potential vaccine candidates need to be identified and characterised. Conventional silver staining is commonly used for the sensitive detection of bacterial protein components separated by SDS-PAGE. Modified silver stains employing periodate oxidation have also been developed for the analysis of purified bacterial lipopolysaccharide. By using these methods in parallel, as a dual silver stain, bacterial fractions can be characterised in terms of protein and LPS content. Strain differences can also be readily identified by comparing protein and LPS profiles. When combined with differential immunoblotting, the dual silver stain is a useful analytical tool for characterising potential vaccine candidate antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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