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Am J Hypertens. 1997 Dec;10(12 Pt 1):1391-5.

Polymorphism of angiotensin converting enzyme, angiotensinogen, and apolipoprotein E genes in a Japanese population with cerebrovascular disease.

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Department of Geriatric Medicine, Osaka University Medical School, Suita, Japan.


The homozygous deletion allele of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene (ACE/DD), homozygous threonine allele of the angiotensinogen gene (AGN/TT), and the epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (apoE/epsilon4) are reported to be associated with ischemic heart disease. Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is another atherosclerotic disease; and the effects of these polymorphisms on CVD have been confusing. In this study, we investigated whether ACE/DD, AGN/TT, and apoE/epsilon4 genotypes are associated with CVD and whether genetic risk is enhanced by the effect of one upon another. We ascertained these genotypes in patients with cerebral infarction (n = 55) and cerebral hemorrhage (n = 38), diagnosed by brain computed tomography. Control subjects for the infarction group and the hemorrhage group were randomly selected from 583 subjects matched for age, gender, and history of hypertension with patients. Frequency of ACE/DD genotype was higher in the patients with infarction than in the controls (chi2 = 6.1, P < .05). The AGN/TT genotype was not associated with either infarction or hemorrhage, but it increased the relative risk for cerebral infarction in the subjects with ACE/DD genotype (chi2 = 8.0, P < .01, odds ratio; 11.7, 95% confidence intervals: 1.4 to 96.0). There was no significant association between apoE/epsilon4 and CVD. These results suggest that ACE/DD predicts cerebral infarction, but not cerebral hemorrhage, and that AGN/TT enhances the risk for cerebral infarction associated with ACE/DD.

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