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Planta. 1998 Jan;204(1):54-63.

Nuclear centering in Spirogyra: force integration by microfilaments along microtubules.

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Institut für Allgemeine Botanik und Pflanzenphysiologie, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany.


The contribution of microtubules and microfilaments to the cytomechanics of transverse nuclear centering were investigated in the charophycean green alga Spirogyra crassa (Zygnematales). Cytoplasmic strands of enhanced rigidity and fasciate appearance radiate from the rim of the lenticular nucleus through the vacuole, frequently split once or twice and are attached to the helical chloroplast bands in the peripheral cytoplasm. The nucleus is encased in tubulin and a web of F-actin. Bundles of microtubules, emerging from the nuclear rim, are organized into dividing fascicles within the strands and reach to the inner surface of the chloroplast envelope. Organelles are translocated in both directions along similarly arranged fascicles of microfilament bundles which extend from the nucleus to the peripheral actin cytoskeleton. Application of microtubule- and/or microfilament-depolymerizing drugs affected the position of the nucleus only slowly, but in distinct ways. The differential effects suggest that nuclear centering depends on the tensional integrity of the perinuclear scaffold, with microfilaments conveying tension along stabilized microtubules and the actin cytoskeleton integrating the translocation forces generated within the scaffold.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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