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Biol Psychiatry. 1998 Jan 1;43(1):2-11.

Antipsychotic properties of the partial dopamine agonist (-)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine(preclamol) in schizophrenia.

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Maryland Psychiatric Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21228, USA.



In an ongoing effort to characterize the clinical pharmacologic profile of the partial dopamine agonist (-)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-n-propylpiperidine [(-)-3PPP], we administered it to drug-free schizophrenic patients in two consecutive studies.


In a preliminary dose-finding study, 9 patients were treated using a 6-week placebo-controlled crossover design. Then, to properly demonstrate the antipsychotic effect, we carried out an early efficacy study; here 10 patients received (-)-3PPP, 300 mg B.I.D., in a 1-week placebo-controlled crossover study.


Dose-Finding Study: (-)-3PPP showed apparent antipsychotic effect in repeated dosing, with 300 mg B.I.D. being the most effective dose for antipsychotic action; however, the apparent antipsychotic action was not sustained for longer than 1 week, presumably because of desensitization of the receptor by the agonist. Early Efficacy Study: Positive symptoms as measured by the Psychosis Change Scale decreased in 1 week by 30% with (-)-3PPP compared to placebo, and negative symptoms measured with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale Withdrawal subscale decreased by 28% with the drug. In both studies, (-)-3PPP lacked any evidence of motor side effects.


These data show that psychotic symptoms decrease with (-)-3PPP and suggest that the treatment of schizophrenia with partial dopamine agonist is a promising strategy. Future attention will be directed toward testing techniques to diminish the tachyphylaxis to allow an ongoing therapeutic effect.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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