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Fundam Appl Toxicol. 1997 Dec;40(2):220-7.

Intratracheal inhalation vs intratracheal instillation: differences in particle effects.

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Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, New York 14642, USA.


Our laboratory has developed a method of intratracheal inhalation whereby rats can be exposed to high aerosol concentrations, resulting in high lung particle burdens in a short time period with deposition occurring directly in the lower respiratory tract, thus avoiding many drawbacks of larger nose-only or whole body inhalation systems. In this report, we compare the response of rats exposed by intratracheal inhalation to "fine" (approximately 250 nm) and "ultrafine" (approximately 21 nm) titanium dioxide particles with rats exposed to similar doses by intratracheal instillation. Animals receiving particles through inhalation showed a decreased pulmonary response, measured by bronchoalveolar lavage parameters, in both severity and persistence, when compared with those receiving particles through instillation. These results demonstrate a difference in pulmonary response to an inhaled vs an instilled dose, which may be due to differences in dose rate, particle distribution, or altered clearance between the two methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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