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Dev Biol. 1997 Dec 15;192(2):446-54.

Localized maternal proteins in Xenopus revealed by subtractive immunization.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Cell Biology & Biochemistry, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912, USA.

Erratum in

  • Dev Biol 1998 Oct 1;202(1):152.

Abstract

It has long been appreciated that the localization of cytoplasmic determinants in the egg can provide the foundation for patterning in the embryo. Differences in cell fate among the early blastomeres are thus a consequence of asymmetric distributions of informational molecules prior to fertilization. The frog egg has a single axis of asymmetry present prior to fertilization, the animal/vegetal axis, and the localization of developmental information appears to be polarized along this axis. Such developmental information can be localized as either RNA or protein; localized RNAs are well documented in the Xenopus oocyte, and some are thought to play roles in axial patterning. While it is apparent that not all of the localized maternal components are RNAs, much less is known about maternal proteins that might be localized in the egg. In the present study, we have taken a novel approach to identify localized maternal proteins within the Xenopus egg. Using a subtractive immunization strategy, we have generated monoclonal antibodies which recognize antigens that are restricted to the vegetal cortex of fertilized eggs. Analysis of biogenesis during oogenesis reveals two distinct patterns of localization to the cortex. At least three of these localized antigens are proteins, and these localized proteins could represent maternal determinants with roles in patterning.

PMID:
9441680
DOI:
10.1006/dbio.1997.8773
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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