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J Clin Oncol. 1998 Jan;16(1):78-85.

Analysis of prognostic factors in newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid and chemotherapy. Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group.

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Kumamoto University Hospital, Japan.



We conducted a multicenter study of differentiation therapy with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) followed by intensive chemotherapy in patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and analyzed the prognostic factors for predicting complete remission (CR), event-free survival (EFS), and disease-free survival (DFS).


All patients received ATRA until CR. If patients had an initial leukocyte count greater than 3.0 x 10(9)/L, they received daunorubicin (DNR) and behenoyl cytarabine (BHAC). During therapy, if patients showed blast and promyelocyte counts greater than 1.0 x 10(9)/L, they received additional DNR and BHAC. After achieving CR, patients received three courses of consolidation and six courses of maintenance/intensification chemotherapy.


Of 198 registered, 196 were assessable (age range, 15 to 86 years; median, 46) and 173 (88%) achieved CR. Multivariate analysis showed that no or minor purpura at diagnosis (P = .0046) and age less than 30 years (P = .0076) were favorable factors for achievement of CR. Predicted 4-year overall survival and EFS rates were 74% and 54%, respectively, and the 4-year predicted DFS rate for 173 CR patients was 62%. Multivariate analysis showed that age less than 30 years (P = .0003) and initial leukocyte count less than 10 x 10(9)/L (P = .0296) were prognostic factors for longer EFS, and initial leukocyte count less than 10.0 x 10(9)/L was a sole significant prognostic factor for longer DFS (P = .0001).


Our results show that age, hemorrhagic diathesis, and initial leukocyte count are prognostic factors for APL treated with ATRA followed by intensive chemotherapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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