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J Otolaryngol. 1997 Dec;26(6):374-8.

Prognostic factors in intraoperative facial nerve monitoring for acoustic neuroma.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology/HNS, Sunnybrook Health Science Centre, Toronto, Ontario.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the predictive value of intraoperative threshold stimulus for facial nerve outcome and the prevalence and prognostic value of persistent trains of activity and frequent spontaneous or mechanically induced contractions during acoustic neuroma surgery.

STUDY DESIGN:

Prospective recording and subsequent review of facial nerve activity.

SETTING:

Tertiary referral centre.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Consecutive patients undergoing acoustic neuroma surgery. Intraoperative facial nerve activity was digitised and stored on a personal computer for future analysis. Operative events were flagged. Recordings were available in 27 patients.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Frequent mechanically induced contractions (< 20), prolonged trains of facial nerve activity (total time > 199 seconds), and facial nerve brainstem stimulus threshold were correlated with facial nerve outcome.

RESULTS:

A brainstem stimulus threshold > 0.1 mA was significantly associated with intermediate or poor facial nerve function (House-Brackmann grade > 2) on the sixth postoperative day, at 1 month and 6 months. Patients with normal or near-normal facial function on the first day and a threshold of > 0.1 mA were significantly more likely to develop a delayed facial nerve palsy. Frequent contractions were noted in 74% of patients and persistent train activity in 59%. Neither was predictive of facial nerve outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

An elevated brainstem threshold is helpful in predicting delayed facial nerve palsy and suboptimal facial nerve outcome. Persistent train activity and frequent contractions, do not have major prognostic significance.

PMID:
9438935
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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