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Behav Neurosci. 1997 Dec;111(6):1353-60.

Inbred mouse strains differ in the regulation of startle and prepulse inhibition of the startle response.

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Institute for Behavioral Genetics, University of Colorado at Boulder, 80309, USA.


The startle response and adaptability of the startle response (prepulse inhibition and habituation) have been observed in animals. The studies reported here screened 8 inbred mouse strains to determine whether genetic factors influence these behaviors. Strain differences were found in both the sensitivity to acoustic startle and the magnitude of both the auditory and tactile startle as well as the magnitude of prepulse inhibition (PPI) of both tactile and acoustic startle. Neither the 2 startle responses nor the 2 forms of PPI were significantly correlated with one another, suggesting that different genes regulate these 2 forms of startle and PPI. Acoustic-acoustic PPI was significantly correlated, however, with hippocampal auditory gating (TC ratio) suggesting an overlap in the genes that regulate these 2 forms of sensory gating.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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