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Trop Med Int Health. 1997 Dec;2(12):1170-4.

Early reduction of the challenge recovery rate following immunization with irradiated infective larvae in a filaria mouse system.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Parasitaire, Protistologie, Helminthologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.


The filaria Litomosoides sigmodontis, which develops a patent infection in BALB/c mice, was used to determine the fate of a challenge inoculum following immunization of mice with irradiation attenuated infective larvae (3 subcutaneous inoculations at weekly intervals with 25 L3 irradiated at 60 krad, and challenge with 25 L3 two weeks after the final immunization). The adult worm burden of vaccinated mice was reduced to 50% of that of controls although the pattern of larval migration and microfilaraemia were not affected. Necropsies showed that the increased killing of the filariae of the challenge inoculum occurred at the L3 stage within the first 2 days of challenge. This result draws attention on the protective mechanisms operating very early and probably in the subcutaneous region.

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