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Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 1997 Oct;29(10):1139-43.

Molecules in focus: diacylglycerol kinase.

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Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Japan.


Recent observations suggest that diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) is one of the key enzymes involved in the regulation of signal transduction. It attenuates protein kinase C activity and cell cycle progression of T-lymphocytes, through controlling the intracellular levels of the second messengers, diacylglycerol and phosphatidic acid. To date, eight DGK isozymes containing characteristic zinc finger structures in common have been identified. Type I DGKs (alpha, beta and gamma) contain EF-hand motifs that contribute to the calcium-dependent activities of this type of DGK. A pleckstrin homology and/or an EPH C-terminal tail homology domains are found in type II isozymes (DGK delta and eta). DGK epsilon represents a third type of DGK that selectively phosphorylates arachidonate-containing diacylglycerol. DGK zeta (type IV) and DGK theta (type V) contain four tandem ankyrin repeats and a Ras-associating domain, respectively.

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