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Eur J Med Res. 1996 Jul 25;1(10):479-83.

Secretion of a urodilatin-like immunoreactive (URO-like-IR) substance from a human kidney cell line (HEK-293).

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Bundesforschungsanstalt für Ernährung, Institut für Ernährungs-physiologie, Karlsruhe, Germany.


The aim of this study was to explore whether sodium chloride is involved in the release of urodilatin from epithelial human embryonic kidney cells (HEK-293). Using a highly specific urodilatin radioimmunoassay combined with HPLC, gel chromatography, and a cyclic GMP generating bioassay, we demonstrate that HEK-293 cells release a biologically active 3.5 kD, urodilatin-like immunoreactive substance. To show the effect of sodium on urodilatin release, HEK-293 cells were incubated with cell culture buffer containing 120, 130, 140, and 150 mmol/l sodium, respectively. Urodilatin secretion from HEK-293 cells is increased to 176% when extracellular sodium is raised to 150 mmol/l (control: 120 mmol/l = 100%). There was no significant difference when exposing the cells to 140 mmol/l or 150 mmol/l sodium. It is suggested, that beside the known extrarenal factors influencing urodilatin secretion, high cephalic sodium and cardiac volume load, urodilatin secretion might also be regulated by an intrarenal sodium sensitive mechanism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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