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Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Jan;5(1):74-81.

Crystal structure of the CDK4/6 inhibitory protein p18INK4c provides insights into ankyrin-like repeat structure/function and tumor-derived p16INK4 mutations.

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Wistar Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.


p18INK4c is a member of a family of INK4 proteins that function to arrest the G1 to S cell cycle transition by inhibiting the activity of the cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6. The X-ray crystal structure of the human p18INK4c protein to a resolution of 1.95 A reveals an elongated molecule comprised of five contiguous 32- or 33-residue ankyrin-like repeat units. Each ankyrin-like repeat contains a beta-strand helix-turn-helix extended strand beta-strand motif that associates with neighboring motifs through beta-sheet, and helical bundle interactions. Conserved ankyrin-like repeat residues function to facilitate the ankyrin repeat fold and the tertiary interactions between neighboring repeat units. A large percentage of residues that are conserved among INK4 proteins and that map to positions of tumor-derived p16INK4 mutations play important roles in protein stability. A subset of these residues suggest an INK4 binding surface for the cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6. This surface is centered around a region that shows structural features uncharacteristic of ankyrin-like repeat units.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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