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Calcif Tissue Int. 1998 Feb;62(2):104-8.

Effects of a single bout of resistance exercise on calcium and bone metabolism in untrained young males.

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Laboratory of Biochemistry of Exercise and Nutrition, Institute of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


Although resistance exercise training appears to increase bone mineral density in the long term, a single bout of resistance exercise could paradoxically induce bone homeostasis disturbance, secondary to metabolic acidosis. To examine this, we obtained fasting blood and 24-hour urine samples from untrained male subjects for 5 subsequent days (control day, exercise day, and three post-exercise days), and investigated the effects of a single bout of resistance exercise on urinary calcium excretion and bone metabolism as indicated by sensitive biomarkers of bone formation and resorption. After an intense bout of resistance exercise, blood and urine became more acidic and renal net acid excretion significantly increased by 44% on the exercise day. Urinary calcium excretion significantly increased by 48% on the exercise day. Plasma procollagen type-I C-terminal concentration significantly decreased by 12% on the next day of the exercise and serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase activity also significantly decreased by 13% and 9% on days 2 and 3, respectively, after the exercise. There was no significant change in serum osteocalcin concentration. Serum tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase activity significantly decreased by 15% on the day after the exercise and urinary deoxypyridinoline excretion decreased by 22% and 27% on days 1 and 3, respectively, after the exercise. These results suggest that the early response of bone to a bout of resistance exercise in untrained individuals was transient decreases in bone formation and resorption, whereas urinary calcium excretion increased.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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