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Free Radic Biol Med. 1998 Jan 1;24(1):182-90.

Cholesterol efflux effect of high density lipoprotein is impaired by whole cigarette smoke extracts through lipid peroxidation.

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Department of Geriatric Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


It has been reported that high density lipoprotein (HDL) plays an anti-atherogenic role by stimulating cholesterol efflux from the foam cells in the atheromatous lesion. In this study, we prepared a novel modified form of HDL (CS-HDL) by incubating HDL with whole cigarette smoke (CS) extracts containing both particulate matter and gas-phase smoke, and examined its effect on cholesterol efflux. CS-HDL showed a marked increase of conjugated dienes and denaturation of apoA-I, a major protein component of HDL. The cholesterol efflux effect of CS-HDL was remarkably reduced to the same level as that of oxidatively modified HDL induced by copper ion (Ox-HDL). Addition of 20 microg/ml superoxide dismutase (SOD) during the CS-modification of HDL caused retrieval of cholesterol efflux activity by 53% and a remarkable decrease in the conjugated dienes level. SOD, however, had no ameliorative effect on apoA-I denaturation. When HDL was incubated only with gas-phase smoke (gasCS-HDL), neither increase of conjugated dienes nor impairment of the cholesterol efflux effect was observed, whereas apoA-I was denaturated to the same extent as seen in CS-HDL. These results indicate that whole CS-extracts, but not gas-phase smoke, reduces cholesterol efflux effect of HDL and that lipid peroxidation associated with superoxide anion is involved in this functional impairment.

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