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Am J Physiol. 1997 Dec;273(6):C1793-800. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1997.273.6.C1793.

P2Z purinoceptor-associated pores induced by extracellular ATP in macrophages and J774 cells.

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1
Instituto de BiofĂ­sica Carlos Chagas Filho, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.

Abstract

Millimolar concentrations of extracellular ATP (ATPo) can induce the permeabilization of plasma membranes of macrophages and other bone marrow-derived cells to low-molecular-weight solutes, a phenomenon that is the hallmark of P2Z purinoceptors. However, patch-clamp and whole cell electrophysiological experiments have so far failed to demonstrate the existence of any ATPo-induced P2Z-associated pores underlying this permeabilization phenomenon. Here, we describe ATPo-induced pores of 409 +/- 33 pS recorded using cell-attached patch-clamp experiments performed in macrophages and J774 cells. These pores are voltage dependent and display several properties of the P2Z-associated permeabilization phenomenon: they are permeable to both large cations and anions, such as tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane, N-methyl-D-glucamine, and glutamate; their opening is favored at temperatures higher than 30 degrees C; they are blocked by oxidized ATP and Mg2+; and they can be triggered by 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl)-ATP but not by UTP or ADP. We conclude that the pores described in this report are associated with the P2Z permeabilization phenomenon.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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