Send to

Choose Destination
Virology. 1997 Dec 22;239(2):378-88.

The effect of herpes simplex virus type 1 L-particles on virus entry, replication, and the infectivity of naked herpesvirus DNA.

Author information

M.R.C. Virology Unit, Division of Virology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.


Herpes simplex virus type 1(HSV-1) L-particles are known to be composed mainly of envelope and tegument proteins, to lack the nucleocapsid, and to be noninfectious. Thus L-particles represent interesting vaccine candidates. L-particles at > 1000/cell interfered with HSV-1 virion adsorption and penetration While L-particles did not affect HSV-1 growth kinetics in resting or nonresting BHK cultures infected with purified virions, treatment with L-particles before, or after, transfection with HSV-1 DNA resulted in a progressive increase in plaque numbers (five- to sixfold at 1000 L-particles/cell). Transfection assays using HSV-1 ts mutant DNA (ts 1201) revealed that enhancement was due to induction of otherwise nonreplicating genomes. The enhancement obtained with L-particles produced by WT HSV-1 or by mutants that are either deleted, or defective, in certain gene products was compared. Most important were the Vmw110 (ICP0) and Vmw65 (alpha-TIF) proteins, but VP11/12, VP13/14, and vhs also have a role. The L-particle-associated Vmw175 (ICP 4) protein did not appear be involved. The effect of homologous and heterologous combinations of pseudorabies virus, equineherpesvirus-1, and HSV-1 DNA's and L-particles was investigated in transfection assays. The L-particles of each virus, to varying extent, enhanced the plaquing efficiency of their own DNA but were also effective in heterologous combinations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center