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Eur J Biochem. 1997 Nov 15;250(1):72-6.

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopic studies on the coordination of the side-chain COO- groups to Ca2+ in equine lysozyme.

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  • 1Division of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Interactions between Ca2+ and the Asp side chains in the Ca2+-binding site of equine lysozyme were investigated by Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. In the spectrum of equine lysozyme, the intensities of the bands at about 1595 cm-1 and 1578 cm-1 in the region of the COO antisymmetric stretches increased upon Ca2+ binding. In the region of the COO- symmetric stretches, the loss of intensity at about 1388 cm-1 and gains of intensities at about 1423 cm-1 and 1403 cm-1 were observed due to Ca2+ binding to equine lysozyme. The spectral changes for equine lysozyme indicate that the COO- groups of Asp85, Asp90 and Asp91 in the Ca2+-binding site coordinate to Ca2+ in the pseudo-bridging mode, where divalent metal cation is bound to one of the two oxygens in the COO- group and a water molecule is hydrogen bonded to the other oxygen. The results presented here provide further evidence for a high degree of similarity between Ca2+-binding lysozyme and alpha-lactalbumin. The effects of Ca2+ binding on the main-chain conformation of equine lysozyme were compared with those of bovine alpha-lactalbumin and hen egg-white lysozyme.

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