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Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1997 Oct-Nov;75(10-11):1257-61.

Precision and accuracy of total body bone mass and body composition measurements in the rat using x-ray-based dual photon absorptiometry.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation, ON, Canada.


Lean body mass (LBM), total body bone mineral mass (BMC), total body bone areal density (BMD), and body fat mass (FM) were measured in rats by dual photon absorptiometry (DXA), using two different instruments. The coefficients of variation for repeated measurements of LBM and FM were about 0.4 and 2.5%, respectively, over an animal body weight range of 150 to 600 g. For BMC and BMD, the coefficients of variation were less than 2%. The correlation coefficients for LBM, FM, BMC, and BMD measured on the two densitometers were all greater than 0.94. The slope of the regression line relating LBM measured by DXA and LBM measured by carcass analysis was 0.999, and the correlation coefficient was 0.99. For FM the slope was 1.05, and the correlation coefficient was 0.98. BMC measures by DXA were falsely low in small animals. For larger animals, the correlation between BMC and ash weight was 0.93, but the slope of the regression line was 0.78. DXA measures of LBM and FM were accurate and reproducible for rats weighing between 150 and 600 g. There was a size-dependent error in BMC, which will be significant in longitudinal measurements of bone mass.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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