Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Dec;25(6):1369-73.

Toxin involvement in staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.

Author information

Centre National de Référence des Staphylocoques, Faculté de Médecine, Lyon, France.


The production of staphylococcal exfoliative toxin A (ETA) and toxin B (ETB), toxic shock syndrome toxin (TSST-1), and enterotoxins A-E was analyzed in 60 Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from children with scalded skin syndrome (15 with generalized exfoliative syndrome, 28 with bullous impetigo, and 17 with staphylococcal scarlet fever). All strains isolated from patients with generalized exfoliative syndrome or bullous impetigo produced ETA and/or ETB and caused a Nikolsky's sign when injected subcutaneously into newborn mice. In contrast, exfoliative toxin was detected in an S. aureus strain from only one of 17 case of staphylococcal scarlet fever; the 16 other S. aureus strains produced TSST-1 and/or an enterotoxin. In conclusion, enterotoxins or TSST-1 are more frequently associated with staphylococcal scarlet fever than are exfoliative toxins. Hence staphylococcal scarlet fever may well represent an abortive form of toxic shock syndrome rather than a milder form of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center