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Immunity. 1997 Dec;7(6):765-75.

Receptor editing in a transgenic mouse model: site, efficiency, and role in B cell tolerance and antibody diversification.

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Institute for Genetics, University of Köln, Germany.


Mice carrying transgenic rearranged V region genes in their IgH and Igkappa loci to encode an autoreactive specificity direct the emerging autoreactive progenitors into a pre-B cell compartment, in which their receptors are edited by secondary Vkappa-Jkappa rearrangements and RS recombination. Editing is an efficient process, because the mutant mice generate normal numbers of B cells. In a similar nonautoreactive transgenic strain, neither a pre-B cell compartment nor receptor editing was seen. Thus, the pre-B cell compartment may have evolved to edit the receptors of autoreactive cells and later been generally exploited for efficient antibody diversification through the invention of the pre-B cell receptor, mimicking an autoreactive antibody to direct the bulk of the progenitors into that compartment.

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