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FEBS Lett. 1997 Dec 1;418(3):357-62.

Dictyostelium discoideum protein disulfide isomerase, an endoplasmic reticulum resident enzyme lacking a KDEL-type retrieval signal.

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Department of Molecular Cell Research, Max-Planck-Institute for Medical Research, Heidelberg, Germany.


The primary activity of protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), a multifunctional resident of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is the isomerization of disulfide bridges during protein folding. We isolated a cDNA encoding Dictyostelium discoideum PDI (Dd-PDI). Phylogenetic analyses and basic biochemical properties indicate that it belongs to a subfamily called P5, many members of which differ from the classical PDIs in many respects. They lack an intervening inactive thioredoxin module, a C-terminal acidic domain involved in Ca2+ binding and a KDEL-type retrieval signal. Despite the absence of this motif, the ER is the steady-state location of Dd-PDI, suggesting the existence of an alternative retention mechanism for P5-related enzymes.

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