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Eur J Biochem. 1997 Dec 1;250(2):608-16.

Structure of an acidic exopolysaccharide of Burkholderia pseudomallei.

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GBF, Braunschweig, Germany.


A recently described water-soluble exopolysaccharide of Burkholderia pseudomallei recognized by the IgG 1 monoclonal antibody 3015 [Steinmetz, I., Rohde, M. & Brenneke, B. (1995) Infect. Immun. 63, 3959-3965] was isolated by repetitive ethanol-precipitation steps and by anion-exchange chromatography. The structure of the polysaccharide was determined by a combination of chemical-derivatization and mass-spectrometric techniques (compositional and methylation analysis, GC/MS, and electrospray-ionization-MS/MS of reduced and permethylated hydrolytic fragments), and two-dimensional 1H-NMR methods (COSY, TOCSY and NOESY) and confirmed by isolation and structural characterization of the depolymerized repeating unit of the polysaccharide. The combined structural data established a linear tetrasaccharide repeating unit consisting of three galactose residues, one bearing a 2-linked O-acetyl group, and a 3-deoxy-D-manno-2-octulosonic acid residue. [-->3)-beta-D-Galp2Ac-(1-->4)-alpha-D-Galp-(1-->3)-beta-D-Galp-(1- ->5)-beta-Kdo-(2-->]n.

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