Send to

Choose Destination
Ultrasound Med Biol. 1997;23(9):1413-20.

Liver hemostasis using high-intensity focused ultrasound.

Author information

Bioengineering Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle 98195, USA.


Liver hemorrhage, the major cause of death in hepatic trauma, is notoriously difficult to control. We report on the use of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to arrest the bleeding from incisions made in rabbit livers. A HIFU transducer, with a spherically curved aperture of 6.34 cm2 area, a focal length of 4 cm and a frequency of 3.3 MHz was used. In approximately 94% of the incisions, the hemorrhage was reduced to a slow oozing of blood in less than 2 min. The maximum temperature of liver tissue around the incision area, during HIFU application, was measured to be 86 degrees C. The mechanism of hemostasis, confirmed by histological examination, appears to be coagulative necrosis of a volume of liver tissue around the incision. We believe that acoustic hemostasis, with the unique characteristic of "volume cauterization," offers a novel method for the management of liver hemorrhage and, thus, has major clinical implications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center