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Curr Biol. 1998 Jan 15;8(2):113-6.

Dominant-negative FADD inhibits TNFR60-, Fas/Apo1- and TRAIL-R/Apo2-mediated cell death but not gene induction.

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Institute of Cell Biology and Immunology, University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.


Fas/Apo1 and other cytotoxic receptors of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) family contain a cytoplasmic death domain (DD) [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] that activates the apoptotic process by interacting with the DD-containing adaptor proteins TNFR-associated DD protein (TRADD) [12] [13] and Fas-associated DD protein (FADD/MORT1) [14] [15], leading to the activation of cysteine proteases of the caspase family [16]. Stimulation of Fas/Apo1 leads to the formation of a receptor-bound death-inducing signaling complex (DISC), consisting of FADD and two different forms of caspase-8 [17] [18] [19]. Transient expression of a dominant-negative mutant of FADD impairs TNFR60-mediated and Fas/Apo1-mediated apoptosis [13] [20], but has no effect on TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo2L)-induced cell death [7] [8] [9] [10] [21]. To study the function of FADD in DD-receptor signaling in more detail, we established HeLa cells that stably expressed a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged dominant-negative mutant of FADD, GFP-DeltaFADD. Interestingly, expression of this mutant inhibited cell death induced by TNFR60, Fas/Apo1 and TRAIL-R/Apo2. In addition, GFP-DeltaFADD did not interfere with TNF-mediated gene induction or with activation of NF-kappaB or Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), demonstrating that FADD is part of the TNFR60-initiated apoptotic pathway but does not play a role in TNFR60-mediated gene induction. Fas/Apo1-mediated activation of JNK was unaffected by the expression of GFP-DeltaFADD, suggesting that in Fas/Apo1 signaling the apoptotic pathway and the activation of JNK diverge at a level proximal to the receptor, upstream of or parallel to FADD.

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