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Plant Mol Biol. 1997 Dec;35(6):993-1001.

Context sequences of translation initiation codon in plants.

Author information

1
Plant Biotechnology Research Center, School of Forestry and Wood Products, Houghton, MI, USA.

Abstract

In this survey of 5074 plant genes for their AUG context sequences, purines are present at the -3 and +4 positions in about 80% of the sequences. Although this observation is similar to the vertebrate consensus sequence, the number of plant mRNAs with purines at the -3 position is lower and at the +4 position is higher than reported for vertebrate mRNAs. Higher plants have an AC-rich consensus sequence. caA(A/C)aAUGGCg as a context of translation initiator codon. Between the two major groups of angiosperms, the context of the AUG codon in dicot mRNAs is aaA(A/C)aAUGGCu which is similar to the higher-plant consensus but monocot mRNAs have c(a/c)(A/G)(A/C)cAUGGCG as a consensus which exhibits an overall similarity with the vertebrate consensus. The experimental evidence regarding the importance of the AUG context in plants is discussed.

PMID:
9426620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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