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Pflugers Arch. 1998 Feb;435(3):432-4.

Angiotensin-II stimulates nitric oxide release in isolated perfused renal resistance arteries.

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Department of Physiology, Göteborg University, S-41390 Göteborg, Sweden.


Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated as a modulator of the vascular effects of angiotensin II (ANG II) in the kidney. We used a NO-sensitive microelectrode to study the effect of ANG II on NO release, and to determine the effect of selective inhibition of the ANG II subtype I receptor (AT1) with losartan (LOS) and candesartan (CAN). NO release from isolated and perfused renal resistance arteries was measured with a porphyrin-electroplated, carbon fiber. The vessels were microdissected from isolated perfused rat kidneys and perfused at constant flow and pressure in vitro. The NO-electrode was placed inside the glass collection cannula to measure vessel effluent NO concentration. ANG II stimulated NO release in a dose-dependent fashion: 0.1 nM, 10 nM and 1000 nM ANG II increased NO-oxidation current by 85+/-18 pA (n = 11), 148+/-22 pA (n = 11), and 193+/-29 pA (n = 11), respectively. These currents correspond to changes in effluent NO concentration of 3.4+/-0.5 nM, 6.1+/-1.1 nM, and 8.2+/-1.3 nM, respectively. Neither LOS (1 muM) nor CAN (1 nM) significantly affected basal NO production, but both AT1-receptor blockers markedly blunted NO release in response to ANG II (10 nM): 77+/-6% inhibition with LOS (n = 8) and 63+/-9% with CAN (n = 8). These results are the first to demonstrate that ANG II stimulates NO release in isolated renal resistance arteries, and that ANG II-induced NO release is blunted by simultaneous AT1-receptor blockade. Our findings suggest that endothelium-dependent modulation of ANG II-induced vasoconstriction in renal resistance arteries is mediated, at least in part, by AT1-receptor-dependent NO release.

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