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FEBS Lett. 1997 Dec 8;419(1):76-82.

Sequence and characterisation of the RET proto-oncogene 5' flanking region: analysis of retinoic acid responsiveness at the transcriptional level.

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Università di Genova, Facoltà di Medicina e Laboratorio di Genetica Molecolare, Istituto G. Gaslini, Genoa, Italy.


The RET proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed during neural crest development. RET expression is enhanced in vitro by several differentiating agents, including retinoic acid (RA), which up-regulates RET expression in neuroblastoma cell lines. In the present work we sequenced and analysed a 5 kbp genomic fragment 5' to RET. Three deletion fragments of this region were tested for their RA inducibility in transient transfection assays and failed to support the hypothesis of a direct transcriptional activation. Finally, our functional analysis of a candidate RA response element present in the RET promoter provides new hints for the understanding of the interaction between nuclear receptors and their specific recognition sites.

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