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J Cell Biol. 1998 Jan 12;140(1):211-21.

Identification of p130Cas as a mediator of focal adhesion kinase-promoted cell migration.

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Cancer Biology Laboratories, Department of Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.


Previously we have demonstrated that focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-promoted migration on fibronectin (FN) by its overexpression in CHO cells is dependent on FAK autophosphorylation at Y397 and subsequent binding of Src to this site. In this report, we have examined the role of FAK association with Grb2 and p130(Cas), two downstream events of the FAK/Src complex that could mediate integrin-stimulated activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (Erks). We show that a Y925F FAK mutant was able to promote cell migration as efficiently as FAK and that the transfected FAK demonstrated no detectable association with Grb2 in CHO cells. In contrast, cells expressing a FAK P712/715A mutant demonstrated a level of migration comparable to that of control cells. This mutation did not affect FAK kinase activity, autophosphorylation, or Src association but did significantly reduce p130(Cas) association with FAK. Furthermore, FAK expression in CHO cells increased tyrosine phosphorylation of p130(Cas) and its subsequent binding to several SH2 domains, which depended on both the p130(Cas) binding site and the Src binding site. However, we did not detect increased activation of Erks in cells expressing FAK, and the MEK inhibitor PD98059 did not decrease FAK-promoted cell migration. Finally, we show that coexpression of p130(Cas) further increased cell migration on FN and coexpression of the p130(Cas) SH3 domain alone functioned as a dominant negative mutant and decreased cell migration. Together, these results demonstrate that p130(Cas), but not Grb2, is a mediator of FAK-promoted cell migration and suggest that FAK/ p130(Cas) complex targets downstream pathways other than Erks in mediating FAK-promoted cell migration.

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