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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jan 9;273(2):720-8.

Necdin, a postmitotic neuron-specific growth suppressor, interacts with viral transforming proteins and cellular transcription factor E2F1.

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  • 1Division of Regulation of Macromolecular Functions, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 3-2, Suita, Osaka 565, Japan.


Necdin is a nuclear protein expressed in virtually all postmitotic neurons, and ectopic expression of this protein strongly suppresses the proliferation of NIH3T3 cells. Simian virus 40 large T antigen targets both p53 and the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) for cellular transformation. By analogy with the interactions of the large T antigen with these nuclear growth suppressors, we examined the ability of necdin to bind to the large T antigen. Necdin was co-immunoprecipitated with the large T antigen from the nuclear extract of necdin cDNA-transfected COS-1 cells. Yeast two-hybrid and in vitro binding analyses revealed that necdin bound to an amino-terminal region of the large T antigen, which encompasses the Rb-binding domain. Moreover, necdin bound to adenovirus E1A, another viral oncoprotein that forms a specific complex with Rb. We then examined the ability of necdin to bind to the transcription factor E2F1, a cellular Rb-binding factor involved in cell-cycle progression. Intriguingly, necdin, like Rb, bound to a carboxyl-terminal domain of E2F1, and repressed E2F-dependent transactivation in vivo. In addition, necdin suppressed the colony formation of Rb-deficient SAOS-2 osteosarcoma cells. These results suggest that necdin is a postmitotic neuron-specific growth suppressor that is functionally similar to Rb.

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