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Dent Clin North Am. 1998 Jan;42(1):129-60.

Problems associated with the atrophic mandible.

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Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.


A range of treatment options has been presented regarding the use of dental implants to rehabilitate patients who otherwise have compromised function using conventional tissue-borne prostheses. This patient population offers significant challenges to both the surgeon and the prosthodontist. Generally speaking, IODs retained on two or more endosteal osseointegrated implants; transosteal, subperiosteal, ramus frame implant-supported and implant-retained prostheses, and a totally implant-supported design offer options to treat the severely atrophic mandible. When bone support or volume is so lacking that augmentation procedures are required, bone grafting can be considered as a treatment option. The state-of-the-art of implant treatment for the atrophic mandible offers to the dental professional and patient a variety of options. Thus far, it is too early to make specific recommendations as to which treatment offers the best option for each patient. It is fair to say that the ISP remains the gold standard against which other treatments can be compared.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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