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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1997 Dec;96(6):445-51.

The relationships between expressed emotion, affective style and communication deviance in recent-onset schizophrenia.

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Psychiatric Centre Willibrord, Heiloo, The Netherlands.


The relationships between expressed emotion (EE), affective style (AS) and communication deviance (CD) were studied during hospitalization and after discharge. EE was measured with both the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) and the Five-Minutes Speech Sample (FMSS). The study subjects were patients with recent-onset schizophrenia and related disorders, who were consecutively admitted to an in-patient unit for adolescents, and their parents. The results revealed that CFI/EE was significantly correlated with AS criticism scores during hospitalization, but did not predict AS scores after discharge. FMSS/EE correlated significantly with AS criticism when both measures were administered after discharge. During hospitalization, FMSS/EE was not significantly correlated with AS. No consistent relationship was found between CD and both affective factors (EE and AS). It is concluded that EE and AS overlap with regard to level of criticism when both measures are administered over a short period of time and independent of the time of assessment. In addition, the results indicate that affective and communication factors identify independent family attributes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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