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Crit Rev Immunol. 1998;18(1-2):29-35.

p53-based immunotherapy of cancer.

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University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.


Immunotherapy targeting p53 missense mutations, which occur in nearly half of all human tumors, is limited by several factors, including the constraints of antigen processing and presentation. Due to the accumulation of mutated p53 molecules in tumors expressing p53 mutations, an alternative approach would be to target wild-type sequence, CTL-defined p53 epitopes. Obviously, the possibility of an autoimmune response is a major potential drawback to this therapy. Immunization of BALB/c mice with bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DC) generated in the presence of GM-CSF/IL-4 and prepulsed with the H-2Kd-binding wild-type p53(232-240) peptide has been shown to induce anti-peptide CTL. These effectors were cross-reactive against sarcomas expressing p53 missense mutations outside of the p53(232-240) epitope, but not within it. Mitogen-activated splenocytes, which express elevated levels of p53, were not sensitive to these CTL. The p53 peptide-pulsed DC-based vaccine was shown to be effective in inducing tumor rejection in immunization and therapy models in the absence of any observable deleterious effect on naive mice. The murine model has now been extended to include the use of genetically modified DC-based vaccines as well.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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