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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997 Dec;(345):79-86.

Survivorship of cemented total knee arthroplasty.

Author information

1
Insall Scott Kelly Institute for Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, NY 10128, USA.

Abstract

The survivorship method of analysis was used to compare the failure rate and overall success of 2629 cemented primary total knee arthroplasties during a 22-year period by the senior surgeon. There were 215 Total Condylar prostheses with a polyethylene tibia, 265 of the Posterior Stabilized type with an all polyethylene tibia, 2036 Posterior Stabilized with a metal backed tibial component, 49 Posterior Stabilized with modular augmented components, and 64 with the Constrained Condylar system. Failure was considered revision or planned revision. The Total Condylar series had an average annual failure rate of 0.46% and a 21-year success rate of 90.77%. The Posterior Stabilized prosthesis with an all polyethylene tibia had an average annual rate of failure of 0.38% and a 16-year success rate of 94.10%, and this prosthesis with a metal backed tibial component had an annual failure rate of 0.14% and a 14-year success rate of 98.10%. The Posterior Stabilized series with modular components had an average annual rate of failure of 0.59% and a 10-year success rate of 93.63%. The Constrained Condylar knee series had an average annual failure rate of 0.26% and a 7-year success rate of 98.12%. This review represents a retrospective analysis of consecutive series of cemented, total knee arthroplasties, whose annual failure and success rates were done during differing time spans. The overall success rate was not influenced by gender, age, diagnosis, or percentage of ideal body weight. Failure was considered revision or planned revision. The best and worse case scenarios were calculated for each series. Long term results of cemented, total knee arthroplasty with a relatively conforming articular surface has been shown to be a reliable procedure with excellent survivorship.

PMID:
9418624
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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