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Cytokine. 1997 Dec;9(12):1034-42.

Systemic release of soluble TNF receptors after high-dose TNF in isolated limb perfusion.

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Centre pluridisciplinaire d'Oncologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, Switzerland.


Isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with high dose tumour necrosis factor (TNF), interferon gamma and melphalan (TIM) is an efficient treatment for patients with regionally advanced melanoma and sarcoma. In 44 patients, we determined the kinetics of soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-RI and RII) plasma concentrations, and correlated them with systemic TNF and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels and shock. Seven patients treated conventionally by ILP without cytokine served as controls. Elevated levels of both sTNF-Rs were observed within 30 min after beginning of the TIM-ILP. A first peak of sTNF-Rs levels was observed 3 h after ILP and was followed by a rapid decrease reaching a nadir at 12-14 h post ILP. This first peak was followed by a second, long-lasting elevation of both sTNF-Rs levels persisting for 4 to 5 days after TIM-ILP. Patients treated by ILP without TNF/interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) had no detectable increase in either sTNF-Rs or in circulating TNF, demonstrating that the release of TNF-Rs was dependent upon the administration of TNF/IFN-gamma. High plasma levels of TNF and IL-6 were observed in patients that had more than 5% leakage during the TIM-ILP, but no significant correlation between TNF levels and the peak values of both sTNF-Rs was observed. The levels of TNF and IL-6 were, however, significantly related to each other. TNF systemic levels, but not sTNF-Rs concentrations, correlated significantly with the severity of the shock observed after TIM-ILP. Patients in which sTNF-RII concentration was in excess over circulating TNF, had no shock or grade I shock only, suggesting that sTNF-RII may play a protective, although limited, role in inhibiting activity of circulating TNF.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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