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Pediatrics. 1998 Jan;101(1):E12.

Increasing prevalence of overweight among US low-income preschool children: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention pediatric nutrition surveillance, 1983 to 1995.

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1
Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether the prevalence of overweight in preschool children has increased among the US low-income population.

DESIGN:

Analysis using weight-for-height percentiles of surveillance data adjusted for age, sex, and race or ethnicity.

SETTING:

Data from 18 states and the District of Columbia were examined.

SUBJECTS:

Low-income children <5 years of age who were included in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance System.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of overweight increased from 18.6% in 1983 to 21.6% in 1995 based on the 85th percentile cutoff point for weight-for-height, and from 8.5% to 10.2% for the same period based on the 95th percentile cutoff point. Analyses by single age, sex, and race or ethnic group (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic) all showed increases in the prevalence of overweight, although changes are greatest for older preschool children.

CONCLUSION:

Overweight is an increasing public health problem among preschool children in the US low-income population. Additional research is needed to explore the cause of the trend observed and to find effective strategies for overweight prevention beginning in the preschool years.

PMID:
9417176
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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