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J Biol Chem. 1998 Jan 2;273(1):291-5.

p140Sra-1 (specifically Rac1-associated protein) is a novel specific target for Rac1 small GTPase.

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Division of Signal Transduction, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma 630-01, Japan.


Rac1 small GTPase plays pivotal roles in various cell functions such as cell morphology, cell polarity, and cell proliferation. We have previously identified IQGAP1 from bovine brain cytosol as a target for Rac1 by an affinity purification method. By using the same method, we purified a specifically Rac1-associated protein with a molecular mass of about 140 kDa (p140) from bovine brain cytosol. This protein interacted with guanosine 5'-(3-O-thio)triphosphate (GTPgammaS).glutathione S-transferase (GST)-Rac1 but not with the GDP.GST-Rac1, GTPgammaS.GST-Cdc42, or GTPgammaS.GST-RhoA. The amino acid sequences of this protein revealed that p140 is identified as a product of KIAA0068 gene. We denoted this protein as Sra-1 (Specifically Rac1-associated protein). Recombinant Sra-1 interacted with GTPgammaS.GST-Rac1 and weakly with GDP.Rac1 but not with GST-Cdc42 or GST-RhoA. The N-terminal domain of Sra-1 (1-407 amino acids) was responsible for the interaction with Rac1. Myc-tagged Sra-1 and the deletion mutant capable of interacting with Rac1, but not the mutants unable to bind Rac1, were colocalized with dominant active Rac1(Val-12) and cortical actin filament at the Rac1(Val-12)-induced membrane ruffling area in KB cells. Sra-1 was cosedimented with filamentous actin (F-actin), indicating that Sra-1 directly interacts with F-actin. These results suggest that Sra-1 is a novel and specific target for Rac1.

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