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Int J Radiat Biol. 1997 Dec;72(6):653-60.

Induction of PBP74/mortalin/Grp75, a member of the hsp70 family, by low doses of ionizing radiation: a possible role in induced radioresistance.

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Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


The identification of genes whose expression is altered following exposure to a low dose of ionizing radiation (IR) is an important step in understanding the phenomenon of the adaptive response. Using the differential mRNA display method we have identified a gene whose expression is up-regulated following exposure to 0.25 Gy IR. Partial DNA sequence and restriction endonuclease analysis of this gene showed that it is identical to the gene encoding for the human peptide-binding protein 74 (PBP74/mortalin/Grp75), a member of the heat shock 70 protein family. Time-course measurement of the PBP74/mortalin/Grp75 mRNA showed that its level was elevated after a lag of at least 15 min. The maximum induction appears to be at 30 min following gamma-irradiation and there is then a steady decline to control levels within 5 h in the HT29 cell line. On the other hand, the level of the PBP74/mortalin/Grp75 mRNA in the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7 is consistently elevated after gamma-irradiation for up to 6 h post-irradiation. Furthermore, a cell line that does not demonstrate the induced radioresistance phenomenon (SW48) shows no induction of the PBP74/mortalin/Grp75 mRNA in contrast with HT29 or MCF-7. Treatment of the HT29 cells with antisense oligonucleotide directed towards the initiation codon of PBP74 sensitized cells to ionizing radiation.

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