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Ann Intern Med. 1997 Dec 15;127(12):1089-92.

Treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia in renal transplant recipients. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

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1
Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Stable renal transplant recipients have an excess prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia, which is a risk factor for arteriosclerosis.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of treatment with 1) vitamin B6 or 2) folic acid plus vitamin B12 on fasting and post-methionine-loading plasma total homocysteine levels in renal transplant recipients.

DESIGN:

Block-randomized, placebo-controlled, 2 x 2 factorial study.

SETTING:

University-affiliated transplantation program.

PATIENTS:

29 clinically stable renal transplant recipients.

INTERVENTION:

Patients were randomly assigned to one of four regimens: placebo (n = 8); vitamin B6, 50 mg/d (n = 7); folic acid, 5 mg/d, and vitamin B12, 0.4 mg/d (n = 7); or vitamin B6, 50 mg/d, folic acid, 5 mg/d, and vitamin B12, 0.4 mg/d (n = 7).

MEASUREMENTS:

Fasting and 2-hour post-methionine-loading plasma total homocysteine levels.

RESULTS:

Vitamin B6 treatment resulted in a 22.1% reduction in geometric-mean post-methionine-loading increases in plasma total homocysteine levels (P = 0.042), and folic acid plus vitamin B12 treatment caused a 26.2% reduction in geometric-mean fasting plasma total homocysteine levels (P = 0.027). These results occurred after adjustment for age; sex; and pretreatment levels of total homocysteine, B vitamins, and creatinine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vitamin B6 should be added to the combination of folic acid and vitamin B12 for effective reduction of both post-methionine-loading and fasting plasma total homocysteine levels in renal transplant recipients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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