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Anaesthesist. 1997 Sep;46(9):763-70.

[Preoperative hemodilution with bovine hemoglobin. Acute hemodynamic effects in liver surgery patients ].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Abteilung für Anästhesiologie, Universitäts-Krankenhaus Eppendorf, Hamburg.

Abstract

Haemoglobin solutions can be an alternative to allogeneic red-cell transfusions because they combine colloid osmotic with oxygen transport properties. Since severe toxic side effects have been overcome by ultrapurification, clinical interest has been focused on haemodynamics changes during application of haemoglobin preparations. The present clinical study examines changes of haemodynamic and oxygen transport parameters during and after haemodilution with ultrapurified polymerized bovine haemoglobin (HBOC-201) in comparison to hydroxyethyl starch (HES).

METHODS:

After approval of the Ethics Committee, 12 patients (6 males and 6 females, mean age 59 +/- 10 years, ASA 1-2) undergoing elective liver resection were randomly allocated to receive either 3 ml.kg-1 6% HES 70,000/0.5 (group 1) or 0.4 g.kg-1 HBOC-201 (group 2) within 30 min following autologous blood donation of 1 l and substitution with 2 l Ringer's lactate. Measurements of blood gases, haemodynamics, and oxygen transport parameters were performed after induction of general anaesthesia, prior to and after blood donation, during and after infusion, at the beginning of surgery, and in the intensive care unit.

RESULTS:

Demographic characteristics did not differ between groups. In contrast to the HES group, mean arterial pressure increased by 18% over baseline measurements in group 2. While pulmonary vascular resistance showed a trend to higher values in group 2, systemic vascular resistance increased to a maximum of 42% over baseline in group 2 and was twice as high as in the HES group. The cardiac index was lower in the HBOC-201 group than in the HES group. During and after HBOC-201 infusion, mixed-venous oxygen saturation and content and calculated oxygen delivery were lower in group 2 in comparison to group 1, while the oxygen extraction ratio was higher in group 2. Free haemoglobin reached a maximal concentration of 1.0 +/- 0.2 g.dl-1 30 min after the HBOC-201 infusion was started, but was not detectable in urine over time. The mean intravascular half-life of HBOC-201 was 8.5 h.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients did not show any severe complications during and after infusion of HBOC-201. However, vasoconstrictive side effects resulted in increased systemic but not pulmonary resistance. Ongoing studies with higher doses of HBOC-201 applied in a larger number of patients will probably reveal potential clinical consequences of the demonstrated haemodynamic changes.

PMID:
9412256
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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