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Gene. 1997 Nov 12;201(1-2):151-8.

Hepatitis C virus NS5A protein is phosphorylated in vitro by a stably bound protein kinase from HeLa cells and by cAMP-dependent protein kinase A-alpha catalytic subunit.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City 66160-7421, USA.


Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has a positive-strand RNA genome that codes for a polyprotein precursor, which is processed co- and post-translationally by cellular and viral proteinases into three structural and at least six non-structural (NS) proteins. The NS5A protein, expressed in mammalian cells, exists in two phosphorylated forms of 56-kDa and 58-kDa. In this study, we provide evidence for a stable association between NS5A and a protein kinase from HeLa cells and hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells by co-immunoprecipitation and by affinity to immobilized glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-NS5A fusion protein produced in E. coli. This protein kinase could phosphorylate in vitro the native NS5A on serine residues, (GST)-NS5A, histone H1, and casein as substrates. In addition, the GST-NS5A was also phosphorylated in vitro by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase A-alpha catalytic subunit.

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