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J Vet Med Sci. 1997 Nov;59(11):1011-5.

Analysis of distribution of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in broilers by using restriction fragment length polymorphism of flagellin gene.

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1
Department of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Japan.

Abstract

The incidence of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli in broiler farms was 33.9% (19/56). C. jejuni-positive flocks accounted for 20.0% (17/85) and C. coli-positive ones was 4.7% (4/85). There were 14 patterns (fla type) of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of flagellin A gene among these 22 strains of C. jejuni and C. coli including the standard strain C. jejuni ATCC 33560. Different fla types of Campylobacter were isolated from broilers in different growing cycles on the same farms. Four strains of C. jejuni were isolated from four breeder farms and four fla types of C. jejuni were detected from their progenies reared on growing farms. Three fla types of C. jejuni detected from the progenies were different from those of each breeder. Also, the other three fla types of C. jejuni were detected from different progenies of each growing farm during the next growing cycle. These findings indicate that the RFLP analysis may contribute to epidemiological studies of C. jejuni and C. coli contamination of broilers and suggest the risk of contamination with different types of Campylobacter in every growing cycle of broilers on the farm even on the same farm. They also supported that there was little likeliness of the vertical transmission of C. jejuni and C. coli from breeders to broilers.

PMID:
9409516
DOI:
10.1292/jvms.59.1011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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