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Neurology. 1997 Dec;49(6):1564-9.

Pallidal stimulation for Parkinson's disease. Two targets?

Author information

1
Centre d'Investigation Clinique-Fédération de Neurologie, Paris, France.

Abstract

There has been renewed interest in functional surgery as treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD). Although pallidotomy and chronic pallidal stimulation are highly effective in suppressing levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID), both methods also seem to be effective in reducing parkinsonian disability. However, the simultaneous improvement of LID and motor signs is hard to explain with the classic model of basal ganglia circuitry. Taking advantage of the fact that deep brain stimulation is reversible and that implanted electrodes contain four discrete stimulation sites, we investigated the effect of stimulation on different sites of the globus pallidus (GP) in five PD patients. Stimulation in the dorsal GP (upper contact) significantly improved gait, akinesia, and rigidity and could induce dyskinesia when patients were in the "off" state. In contrast, stimulation in the posteroventral GP (lower contact) significantly worsened gait and akinesia, although the reduction in rigidity remained. For patients in the "on" state, stimulation in the posteroventral GP dramatically reduced LID but, as in the "off" state, worsened gait and akinesia, thus canceling out the antiparkinsonian effect of levodopa. Our results indicate that stimulation had a striking different effect on parkinsonism and dyskinesia when applied at two different loci of the GP and that stimulation applied in the posteroventral GP produced opposite effects on rigidity and on akinesia. We conclude that parkinsonian signs and LID are a reflection of at least two different anatomofunctional systems within the GP and that this functional organization of the GP needs to be considered when determining the optimal target for surgical treatment of PD.

PMID:
9409347
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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