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Brain Res Mol Brain Res. 1997 Oct 15;50(1-2):85-90.

A truncated Reelin protein is produced but not secreted in the 'Orleans' reeler mutation (Reln[rl-Orl]).

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, FUNDP Medical School, Namur, Belgium. vinciane.debergeyck@fundp.ac.be

Abstract

Reelin is the protein defective in reeler mutant mice [I. Bar, C. Lambert de Rouvroit, I. Royaux, D.B. Krizman, C. Dernoncourt, D. Ruelle, M.C. Beckers, A.M. Goffinet, A YAC contig containing the reeler locus with preliminary characterization of candidate gene fragments, Genomics 26 (1995) 543-549; G. D'Arcangelo, G.G. Miao, S.C. Chen, H.D. Soares, J.I. Morgan, T. Curran, A protein related to extracellular matrix proteins deleted in the mouse mutant reeler, Nature 374 (1995) 719-723; S. Hirotsune, T. Takahara, N. Sasaki, K. Hirose, A. Yoshiki, T. Ohashi, M. Kusakabe, Y. Murakami, M. Muramatsu, S. Watanabe, K. Nakao, M. Katsuki, Y. Hayashizaki, The reeler gene encodes a protein with an EGF-like motif expressed by pioneer neurons, Nature Genet. 10 (1995) 77-83]. In the Orleans allele of reeler (symbol: Reln[rl-Orl]), a 220 nucleotide deletion is present in the 3' region of the Reelin message, resulting in a frame shift with production of a predicted protein amputated from its C-terminal amino acids. In this study, we first show that the predicted truncated protein indeed exists in Orleans reeler mice, using several anti-Reelin antibodies. Three antibodies are directed against epitopes located in the N-terminal region of the protein, namely: monoclonal antibody CR-50 [M. Ogawa, T. Miyata, K. Nakajima, K. Yagyu, M. Seike, K. Ikenaka, H. Yamamoto, K. Mikoshiba, The reeler gene-associated antigen on Cajal-Retzius neurons is a crucial molecule for laminar organization of cortical neurons, Neuron 14 (1995) 899-912] (epitope region between Reelin residues 251-407), monoclonal antibody G10 (epitope located between amino acids 199 and 244) and the polyclonal antipeptide rp4 (positions 381-399). A fourth antibody, antipeptide rp5, reacts with the C-terminal (3443-3461) Reelin sequence. In normal embryos, all four antibodies stained cells in the marginal zone with features of Cajal-Retzius cells. While N-terminal specific antibodies detected Reelin immunoreactivity in mouse embryos homozygous for the reeler-Orleans mutation, no staining was obtained with the rp5 antibody, showing the presence of a truncated protein. Moreover, although Reelin could be detected at the surface of living Cajal-Retzius cells of normal mice, it was not revealed after vital staining of embryonic cortex from Orleans reeler mice. These results indicate that the C-terminal region of Reelin is essential for its secretion and suggest that the Orleans reeler phenotype is due to defective Reelin secretion rather than to secretion of an inactive protein.

PMID:
9406921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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