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Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 1997 Nov-Dec;40(3):265-86.

Carnitine and its derivatives in cardiovascular disease.

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Cape Ann Medical Center, Gloucester, MA 01930, USA.


Carnitine and its derivative propionyl-L-carnitine are endogenous cofactors which enhance carbohydrate metabolism and reduce the intracellular buildup of toxic metabolites in ischemic conditions. The carnitines have been, and are being used in a spectrum of diseases including multiple cardiovascular conditions. These include angina, acute myocardial infarction, postmyocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, dyslipidemia, and diabetes. Most published data on carnitine, propionyl-L-carnitine, and other carnitine congeners are favorable but the clinical trials have been relatively small. In currently used doses, these substances are virtually devoid of significant side effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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