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Biochemistry. 1997 Dec 2;36(48):14874-82.

Expression, purification, and inhibitory properties of human proteinase inhibitor.

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Department of Pathology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque 87131, USA.


In a previous report, the cDNA for human proteinase inhibitor 8 (PI8) was first identified, isolated, and subcloned into a mammalian expression vector and expressed in baby hamster kidney cells. Initial studies indicated that PI8 was able to inhibit the amidolytic activity of trypsin and form an SDS-stable approximately 67-kDa complex with human thrombin [Sprecher, C. A., et al. (1995) J. Biol Chem. 270, 29854-29861]. In the present study, we have expressed recombinant PI8 in the methylotropic yeast Pichia pastoris, purified the inhibitor to homogeneity, and investigated its ability to inhibit a variety of proteinases. PI8 inhibited the amidolytic activities of porcine trypsin, human thrombin, human coagulation factor Xa, and the Bacillus subtilis dibasic endoproteinase subtilisin A through different mechanisms but failed to inhibit the Staphylococcus aureus endoproteinase Glu-C. PI8 inhibited trypsin in a purely competitive manner, with an equilibrium inhibition constant (Ki) of less than 3.8 nM. The interaction between PI8 and thrombin occurred with a second-order association rate constant (kassoc) of 1.0 x 10(5) M-1 s-1 and a Ki of 350 pM. A slow-binding kinetics approach was used to determine the kinetic constants for the interactions of PI8 with factor Xa and subtilisin A. PI8 inhibited factor Xa via a two-step mechanism with a kassoc of 7.5 x 10(4) M-1 s-1 and an overall Ki of 272 pM. PI8 was a potent inhibitor of subtilisin A via a single-step mechanism with a kassoc of 1.16 x 10(6) M-1 s-1 and an overall Ki of 8.4 pM. The interaction between PI8 and subtilisin A may be of physiological significance, since subtilisin A is an evolutionary precursor to the intracellular mammalian dibasic processing endoproteinases.

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