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Mol Biol Evol. 1997 Dec;14(12):1252-7.

Rates of DNA sequence evolution are not sex-biased in Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans.

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1
Section of Genetics and Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 USA.

Abstract

To determine whether male- or female-biased mutation rates have affected the molecular evolution of Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans, we calculated the male-to-female ratio of germline cell divisions ([symbol: see text]) from germline generation data and the male-to-female ratio of mutation rate ([symbol: see text]) by comparing chromosomal levels of nucleotide divergence. We found that the ratio of germline cell divisions changes from indicating a weak female bias to indicating a weak male bias as the age of reproduction increases. The range of [symbol: see text] values that we observed, however, does not lead us to expect much, if any, difference in mutation rate between the sexes. Silent and intron nucleotide divergence were compared between nine loci on the X chromosome and nine loci on the second and third chromosomes. The average levels of nucleotide divergence were not significantly different across the chromosomes, although both silent and intron sites show a trend toward slightly more divergence on the X. These results indicate a lack of sex- or chromosome-biased molecular evolution in D. melanogaster and D. simulans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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