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Trends Microbiol. 1997 Nov;5(11):435-40.

Developmental biology of biofilms: implications for treatment and control.

Author information

1
Center for Environmental Biotechnology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37932, USA. rjpalmer@utkux.utcc.utk.edu

Abstract

Although of heterogeneous spatiotemporal and species compositions, all biofilms undergo certain common developmental events: organic molecules on the substratum can play a role in initial attachment, attached cells grow and additional cells attach from the bulk liquid. Biofilm growth is a four-dimensional (X, Y, Z and T) process similar to organ development.

PMID:
9402699
DOI:
10.1016/S0966-842X(97)01142-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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