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Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1997;139(10):933-41.

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: analysis of factors related to cerebrospinal fluid dynamics determining functional prognosis.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Hospital Universitario del Aire, Madrid, Spain.


This investigation has been undertaken to analyze the findings with both the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure (Pcsf) and CSF pulse pressure (PP) in order to predict the outcome of patients with the syndrome of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). Accordingly, a prospective clinical study was planned in which two groups of patients with NPH, having analogous prevalence of several matched clinical and radiological parameters, were separated on the basis of their positive or negative response to shunting. Both the resting Pcsf and CSF PP profiles were compared in these two groups, and between them and normal controls. CSF PP amplitude and CSF PP latency correlated directly in conditions associated with either normal or high compliance (controls and patients with Alzheimer-like disorders), whereas this correlation was inverse in states of low compliance (NPH). On the other hand, shunt-responders showed a resting Pcsf significantly higher than both non-responders and controls. The following conclusions were obtained: 1) CSF PP is a high-amplitude and relative low-latency wave in NPH when compared with controls: 2) CSF PP amplitude and latency correlate directly in normal subjects and in those with primary cerebral atrophy; 3) a non-reversible stage of NPH could be conceived in contradistinction to the reversible one, in both of which an inverse correlation between the amplitude and the latency takes place, the main difference between them being the resting Pcsf, which is significantly lower in the former than in the latter, depending on the degree of atrophic changes developed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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