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J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1997 Dec;17(12):1291-302.

Effect of brain ischemia and reperfusion on the localization of phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha.

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1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA.

Abstract

Postischemic brain reperfusion is associated with a substantial and long-lasting reduction of protein synthesis in selectively vulnerable neurons. Because the overall translation initiation rate is typically regulated by altering the phosphorylation of serine 51 on the alpha-subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF-2 alpha), we used an antibody specific to phosphorylated eIF-2 alpha [eIF-2(alpha P)] to study the regional and cellular distribution of eIF-2(alpha P) in normal, ischemic, and reperfused rat brains. Western blots of brain postmitochondrial supernatants revealed that approximately 1% of all eIF-2 alpha is phosphorylated in controls, eIF-2(alpha P) is not reduced by up to 30 minutes of ischemia, and eIF-2(alpha P) is increased approximately 20-fold after 10 and 90 minutes of reperfusion. Immunohistochemistry shows localization of eIF-2(alpha P) to astrocytes in normal brains, a massive increase in eIF-2(alpha P) in the cytoplasm of neurons within the first 10 minutes of reperfusion, accumulation of eIF-2(alpha P) in the nuclei of selectively vulnerable neurons after 1 hour of reperfusion, and morphology suggesting pyknosis or apoptosis in neuronal nuclei that continue to display eIF-2(alpha P) after 4 hours of reperfusion. These observations, together with the fact that eIF-2(alpha P) inhibits translation initiation, make a compelling case that eIF-2(alpha P) is responsible for reperfusion-induced inhibition of protein synthesis in vulnerable neurons.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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